BIONICLE was a series of sets sold by LEGO with a storyline to promote them. The name "BIONICLE" is short for Biological Chronicle.
BIONICLE was first conceptualized by The LEGO Group (then The LEGO Company) in the late 1990s, in an attempt to invoke the market for story themes without the restrictive royalties encountered by the successful LEGO Star Wars theme. BIONICLE followed in the footsteps of two previous themes in LEGO's TECHNIC line: Slizer (marketed in the United States as "Throwbots") and RoboRiders. The two previous themes both relied on environment-themed buildable figures with action features, plastic storage containers, collectible parts, and competitive role-play functions. Slizer in particular had been designed around the same ball-and-socket-joint structure that would be definitive of BIONICLE set designs throughout the new theme's lifespan. RoboRiders foreshadowed the multimedia aspect of BIONICLE with its good-versus-evil storyline (in which the vehicle-like figures fought a menacing virus) and its tie-in online game, unlocked with codes on the storage canisters. Both themes included "combo models" which could be built by combining the parts and building instructions of multiple sets, ideas that would be introduced in BIONICLE.
Early concept of BIONICLE
In 1999, as The LEGO Company became aware of the appeal story-based themes had with a critical preteen demographic, they approached Bob Thompson to assist in developing story-based product themes. Martin Riber Andersen, a LEGO design manager, suggested building on concepts used for the Slizer theme in designing a new action-figure theme. The advertising agency ADVANCE, of whom LEGO was a client, took the role of creative lead for the new theme, and their Creative Director Christian Faber proposed the tropical setting which would set the stage for the environments and naming conventions of BIONICLE's early years. Erik Kramer, a LEGO Technic director, expressed a desire to design the new theme as though it were a film.
An early concept of the line was at one point known as "Bone-Heads of Voodoo Island" (later "Doo Heads"), reflecting the tribal setting and mysticism. However, the development team (Thompson, Anderson, Faber, Kramer, and ten others) eventually came up with the name "Biological Chronicle" or BIONICLE during a meeting and the domain name BIONICLE.com was quickly registered. Writer Alastair Swinnerton of the company Skryptonite was commissioned to write the original "story bible" which would lay out the frameworks of the story the theme would follow. Christoffer Raundahl was one of the set designers responsible for the 2001 release of the first BIONICLE sets, which included the tentatively-named figures Axe, Blade, Flame, Kick, Hook and Claw.
BIONICLE sets were officially launched in Europe in February of 2001 and were released in the United States in July of 2001. However, some sets made it out as early as December of 2000. The first line of sets established the pattern that future years would typically follow: six mid-size sets (the Toa Mata, then known simply as the Toa) packaged in canisters, six small boxed sets (the Turaga), and an array of large boxed sets (the Rahi). In a promotion at McDonald's restaurants in September, six Matoran villager sets (then called "Tohunga") were released as toys in McDonald's Happy Meals.
Each set included action features that allowed for competitive play, in which the objective was to remove the opposing figure's mask. Sold alongside sets were Kanohi packs, each containing two collectible Kanohi masks and the pieces needed to build a head and attach it to the canister lids for display. Collecting all seventy-two Kanohi was emphasized heavily in sets and story for that year.
The use of TECHNIC building techniques made the sets compatible with each other as well as more conventional LEGO themes. Sets also contained instructions for alternate models that could be built from the parts of one or more sets. BIONICLE's Manas boxed set was toy of the year at London's ToyFair in its introductory year.
With a heavy multimedia focus, BIONICLE's first year introduced a Comic book series, which related the adventures of the characters as they tried to collect the Kanohi masks and defeat the mysterious corruption plaguing the island of Mata Nui and turning its wildlife against the villagers. The first year of comics ran for three issues, leaving off at the climactic battle against the evil Makuta. An online game created by Templar Studios, the Mata Nui Online Game, showed these adventures from a different perspective, following the amnesiac Matoran Takua as he journeyed throughout the island encountering the Toa at various points, eventually witnessing the fight against Makuta. The game itself is a direct sequel to a GameBoy Advance Video Game, Tales of the Tohunga, which was released later in the year and followed Takua on a quest to summon the Toa to the island.
In most regions, the Toa canisters came packaged with interactive CDs, which included various multimedia, such as commercials, animations, and interactive learning tools. On the physical media side, supplementary material included Board Games and an expansion of a Trading Card Game.
BIONICLE is credited with rescuing The LEGO Group from major financial difficulties experienced in previous years, in part due to owning the brand rather than licensing it from outside content providers.
The story year concluded with the defeat of Makuta and the restoration of peace to the island. However, teased throughout the Mata Nui Online Game, Takua witnessed the rise of a new enemy - one that came in a swarm.
In May 2001, before the official North American launch of BIONICLE, The LEGO Company received a legal challenge from representatives of the Māori people, alleging that their use of certain words were disrespectful to Māori culture. LEGO ultimately acknowledged that they had utilized words and terms from the Māori language, and agreed to change several of them in future usage, as well as begin developing a code of conduct that would avoid similar mistakes in the future. The term "Tohunga," referring to the island villagers, was replaced with "Matoran," and several other character names were altered.
Multiple in-universe explanations were created to explain the changes, though they have since lost most applicability. At the time of the change, The LEGO Group initially stated that the Tohunga changed their species name after realizing they were all one people. However, this explanation was only relevant at the time, and has been completely dropped from continuity, along with the name itself. The characters who had to be given new names were done so under the explanation of Naming Day, wherein characters receive new names for acts of valor; while the concept of Naming Day still exists in the story, any materials set in a time period prior to the change still refer to the characters by their new names.
After the success of BIONICLE's initial year, BIONICLE continued with the Toa and Matoran as its protagonists. However, the first series of canister-set villains was introduced: the Bohrok. Along with the Bohrok's release came the new small sets, the Bohrok Va drones, and the new collectibles, the rubbery Krana. Krana packs included three Krana and two great Kanohi in gold or silver. A total of ninety-six Krana (eight for each Bohrok or Bohrok Va breed) and twelve metallic Kanohi were available.
Bohrok had play functions that were tied to their story role. They could roll into a spherical shape, and while rolled up they could hang from their canisters' lids to be displayed in a makeshift "hive". Their gear function allowed them to snap their heads forward at the press of a lever. Lastly, pressing their eyes would open their faceplate and fling the Krana "brains" at opponents.
The various multimedia continued into 2002; the comics continued to be included in the LEGO magazines, and picked up after the end of the Mata Nui Online Game, detailing the Toa's conflicts with the Bohrok. Several promotional comics also appeared, released through McDonald's, as a supplement to an included card game. A series of online animations, similar to the Mata Nui Online Game, was released on the BIONICLE website, depicting adventures not seen in the comics, from the perspective of the Matoran characters.
The arrival of summer brought the year's large sets, as well as a second series of canister sets (from 2002 onward a new series of canister sets would be released semiannually). The large sets depicted the Bahrag, beastly twin queens who commanded the Bohrok swarms; the Exo-Toa, a powered suit of armor which a Toa could wear; and the Boxor, a robotic war machine piloted by the Matoran Nuparu. The new canister sets depicted the Toa Nuva, transformed versions of the Toa Mata with new armor, masks, and tools. The Toa Nuva's new masks, or Kanohi Nuva, could be collected with a new pack containing two of the thirty-six Kanohi Nuva and three Krana.
Beginning in 2002, BIONICLE was The LEGO Group's most successful product theme. Announced in the spring of that year was a direct-to-video movie, titled BIONICLE: Mask of Light, which was set for a fall 2003 release.
The year 2003 began with the release of the Bohrok-Kal, new canister sets depicting upgraded Bohrok with new powers; unlike the Bohrok from before, the Kal were individual entities, rather than a swarm. Their goal was to release the Bahrag from the seal the Toa Nuva previously placed them in, and once more unleash the Bohrok swarms.
Each Kal came with a new collectible, the metallic-colored Krana-Kal. However, in addition to the standard 48 varieties, 5,000 rare White Metal Krana-Kal and 72 Sterling Silver Krana-Kal were placed in random canisters. Each White Metal and Sterling Silver Krana-Kal was in the shape of the Xa-Kal and came with a black velvet bag and a proof of authenticity card, with Sterling Silver Krana-Kal cards indicating a specific number the person had obtained. Krana-Kal packs were also available, containing three Krana-Kal and two Kanohi Nuva.
A sequel to the previous year's Bohrok Online Animations was released, in the form of the Bohrok-Kal Online Animations, also created by Templar Studios. Templar also produced the Mata Nui Online Game II, a sequel to the acclaimed original. Other media included new BIONICLE novels, released as the BIONICLE Chronicles series, primarily written by C.A. Hapka, as well as supplementary guidebooks. The comics continued, now illustrated by Randy Elliott, who was also previously a colorist for the series. The Legoland theme park also added a new ride called "BIONICLE Blaster" in 2003 based on BIONICLE.
With the advent of summer came the release of the year's small sets and second series of canister sets for 2003. The small sets depicted the six Matoran of the Ga-Koro, Ko-Koro, and Po-Koro Kolhii teams. The canister sets, rather than another series of hero sets, depicted six fearsome villains: the Rahkshi, or "Sons of Makuta". The Rahkshi were the most articulate sets to date, and housed inside them the new Kraata collectible, which could also be purchased separately in packs. Forty-two (later forty-three) colors and six stages of Kraata were available, bringing the total number to 258 once the Rahkshi sets were rereleased for Target stores with purple "Shadow Kraata".
Four large sets depicted characters from the upcoming movie: Takua, the Matoran protagonist of the new film on his Ussal crab, Pewku; Jaller, Herald of the Seventh Toa and Takua's co-star, on a Gukko bird; the Makuta set depicted BIONICLE's main antagonist from day one; the Takanuva set depicted the Seventh Toa himself on his vehicle, the Ussanui.
BIONICLE premiered its first movie during the the fall of 2003: BIONICLE: Mask of Light. The movie was developed in partnership with Miramax Films, and was the first of a conceived trilogy. Mask of Light was a critical and commercial success for the company, and featured characters from the summer wave of sets, as well as from years past. The end of the movie revealed hitherto unknown origins for the population of Mata Nui; they originally came from the futuristic island of Metru Nui. The final comic of the 2003 series (which had previously left off before the final battle against Makuta, to promote the movie) additionally ended in a shocking revelation that the Toa, which the storyline had followed for the past three years, were not actually the first of their kind.
In 2004, BIONICLE was for the first time established as a separate line from its previous category, LEGO TECHNIC. This year began a series of flashbacks told by the Turaga, telling of their past adventures and the history of Metru Nui, an ancient island-city revealed at the end of 2003's story.
The winter canister sets, the Toa Metru, were in fact past forms of the Turaga. They implemented a new build that improved on the articulation of the Rahkshi sets, in addition to their new mask and tool designs. New Matoran sets were also released worldwide, wielding Disk Launchers that fired the year's new collectible, the Kanoka disks. These six Matoran represented characters who had found the locations of the Great Disks, artifacts which the Toa Metru needed to defeat the Morbuzakh that terrorized the city. The Toa Metru were depicted in the story as novice heroes who had to skirt the rigid laws enforced by the Vahki and maintain the trust of their Matoran companions (of whom one was in fact a traitor).
Also available in early 2004 were Kanoka packs, each containing two Kanoka and a Disk Launcher. Kanoka disks were decorated with six different patterns and an assortment of three-number codes which unlocked online content at the Kanoka Club and revealed the powers of the Kanoka in story.
The Vahki canister sets, released in the summer, depicted the massive police force which the Toa Metru now found themselves against. Vahki sets wielded large staffs, and could be switched between a quick-moving four-legged stance and a two-legged stance. Their mandibles also doubled as a Disk Launcher, for which each set included a Kanoka disk. Vahki sets rereleased later in the year included a Disk of Time and Kanohi Vahi.
Five large boxed sets appeared that year. Two of these, Nidhiki and Krekka, were mysterious beings called Dark Hunters who opposed the Toa Metru and who had been responsible for the perils of the six Matoran released earlier in the year. A third depicted Turaga Dume and his Rahi scout, Nivawk. The fourth was the "Ultimate Dume" set, a combination model which contained the parts and instructions of the previous three large sets as well as a special Kanohi Kraahkan. The last depicted Toa Lhikan, predecessor to the Toa Metru, and the Rahi steed Kikanalo. The latter two were both exclusive to Toys "R" Us retail stores.
2004 saw the release of a sequel to the previous year's Mask of Light movie: BIONICLE 2: Legends of Metru Nui. Unlike Mask of Light, which incorporated characters from all previous years, Legends of Metru Nui consisted mainly of the year's new sets and models. The BIONICLE novels continued with the Adventures series, now written by Greg Farshtey, a story team member and author of several previous guidebooks and other media. Farshtey would continue to write novels for the rest of the series' initial run, in addition to editing the LEGO Magazine, which held a unique contest in 2004: the Rahi Building Challenge, a competition to build and develop a unique Rahi character that would later be featured in a book published by Scholastic.
The year's conclusion left most of the Matoran of Metru Nui in the ruined city while the Toa Metru fled to the island of Mata Nui, vowing to return, which sets up the next year's story.
For the third year in a row, BIONICLE was LEGO's top selling product line.
In 2005 the Toa Metru returned to Metru Nui to rescue the remaining Matoran, but found that the city had changed dramatically since their departure. Uniquely, the canister sets had varying release dates: the Toa Hordika had an early release for the United States and a summer release for European markets, while the release dates were reversed for the Visorak. The half-Rahi Toa Hordika sets represented the Toa Metru after mutation by the venom of the Visorak, the new villains. Toa Hordika each came with two silver Rhotuka spinners and a built-in Rhotuka Launcher that gave the spinners flight. Every set which included Rhotuka included one with a printed code, much like the Kanoka codes but longer and without story relevance. The codes would only work if used in conjunction with the prefix on the corresponding set's packaging. The Rhotuka pack, for example, included four Rhotuka of a two-color blend and one silver one with a code.
The smaller Rahaga sets, released in early 2005 worldwide, each contained one colored Rhotuka spinner. The Rahaga represented mysterious Rahkshi-like guides who had experience dealing with the Visorak.
The Visorak canister sets were four-legged arachnoid Rahi with snapping jaws and Rhotuka Launchers on their backs. Each included two silver Rhotuka spinners. Two additional canister sets appeared in the summer, representing Rahaga Norik and Iruini in their former Toa Hagah forms. Each had metallic armor and a Rhotuka Launching Shield that held their two Rhotuka (one metallic and one in their elemental color).
The large sets, with a universal summer release, depicted the Visorak viceroy and queen-to-be Roodaka, the Visorak king Sidorak, and the legendary Rahi Keetongu, rumored to have the power to cure mutation by Visorak venom. Each large set included one Rhotuka, silver in Roodaka and Sidorak and red in Keetongu. A special combination model, Voporak, was released as a Target-exclusive set which included the parts of all three large sets.
2005 also introduced the concept of BIONICLE playsets: BIONICLE sets based on traditional LEGO System bricks rather than TECHNIC, depicting large battle scenes with multiple characters. These sets included Battle of Metru Nui, Visorak Battle Ram, Tower of Toa, and the non-canon Visorak's Gate.
The main plot of 2005 was revealed through the third and final movie of the original trilogy: BIONICLE 3: Web of Shadows, with various smaller plotlines revealed through the continuing books, comics, and web content.
In 2005, BIONICLE again became the company's highest selling product line, though with lower sales than initially projected.
The story behind 2006's sets began with a revelation: the Great Spirit Mata Nui, the unseen god of the universe, was not only asleep, but also dying. His rescue depended on the legendary Kanohi Ignika, the Mask of Life, but the Toa Nuva were unprepared to face six new competitors for this valuable artifact: the Piraka.
The Piraka canister sets had numerous functions. Their eyes glowed red with a built-in LED, their teeth were phosphorescent, and their dual-function tools could be flipped to either of two positions. The Piraka also carried Zamor Launchers, which fired the collectible Zamor Spheres. The Piraka canister lids included a "Try Me" feature demonstrating the glowing eyes with a replica of the set's face. 2006 also began a trend in which a Kanoka code would appear in full on each set's packaging. A Zamor Sphere pack was released in 2006, featuring ten Zamor in swirled silver, dark silver, and gold colors.
The Piraka were depicted as oppressors of Voya Nui's Matoran, of whom six resistance fighters were the year's small sets. The new Matoran builds were the most varied of any small sets released at that point. The winter 2006 sets were the last wide-release sets which included instructions for alternate models. Alternate models and combiner models would, however, be released on BIONICLE.com and in the LEGO Magazine in future years.
Between the winter and summer releases, three of the year's large sets sporadically debuted across the globe. Two of these were Axonn and Brutaka, titans with new masks, massive weapons, and a new piston-based support system for their legs. The third was Irnakk, a mythical being from the Piraka's native Skakdi culture. The Irnakk set was exclusive to Wal-Mart stores and contained the pieces and instructions for three Piraka (Vezok, Thok, and Reidak), in addition to instructions for the Irnakk model. The set also contained four golden tubing pieces and a golden face/spine piece akin to Thok's, all essential for the Irnakk model.
When the Toa Nuva did not return, six well-known Matoran journeyed to Voya Nui to aid their heroes. These six Matoran would become the Toa Inika, heroes who appeared as the summer canister sets. The Toa Inika featured new rubbery Kanohi and new Toa Tools with colored strobe-lights spanning their centers. The sets were advertised to have glow-in-the-dark faces, although this feature was not present in the actual, finalized sets. The new masks slipped onto the smooth head pieces vertically, rather than attaching to the mouth with a stud or axle like previous masks. The Toa Inika sets each contained a Zamor Launcher with a cartridge to hold the set's four Zamors, which were colored similarly to the strobe function of each set's tool. Toa Inika canisters also a try-me function displaying the tools.
Three new large sets were released in the summer, depicting guardians of the Mask of Life. The Umbra set was released exclusively in Wal-Mart stores. He wielded a huge tool, the Laser Lance, which included two strobe-light Toa Inika tools and a Rhotuka Launcher that fired a green-and-silver Rhotuka spinner. The Vezon & Fenrakk set included Vezon, the insane wearer of the Mask of Life, and the spiderlike Fenrakk beast which he rode. Finally, the Vezon & Kardas set featured Vezon atop the Kardas Dragon, a new form given to Fenrakk by the Mask of Life. The Vezon & Kardas set was exclusive to Target stores and included the parts and instructions for the Axonn, Brutaka, and Vezon & Fenrakk sets, as well as the instructions for the combined model.
In 2006, the playset tradition was continued with the sets Piraka Stronghold, Piraka Outpost, Lava Chamber Gate, and the non-canon Race for the Mask of Life. In addition to the locations these sets depicted, they included a Nektann, two types of Fenrakk Spawn Spider, and twelve buildable Toa Inika and Piraka minifigures.
The story of 2006 ended with the Toa Inika successfully claiming the Mask of Life, but promptly losing it to the sea. They would pursue this mask in 2007's story.
The first series of canister sets in 2007 introduced the menacing Barraki. Once powerful warlords, 2007's story portrayed them as mutant inhabitants of the destroyed underwater prison called the Pit. They waged war on the Matoran of the underwater city of Mahri Nui, situated above their home, in hopes of claiming the Kanohi Ignika which had recently descended from the ocean's surface.
The Barraki sets wielded Squid Launchers and carried two yellow-orange Sea Squids. Sea Squids could be fired by fitting them into the launchers, pulling back on their stretchy tails, and releasing. Seven blue-green Sea Squids were available in a Squid Ammo pack. Because of these packs with differently-colored squids, Sea Squids are often considered the last true collectibles.
Four small sets (a deviation from the usual six) appeared in 2007, depicting the Matoran Defilak and Dekar and the Hydruka Morak and Thulox. All four carried Air Launchers, a reuse of the Zamor Launcher design which fired yellow-orange Solidified Air Bubbles (the Hydruka, being grazing Rahi, had the launchers incorporated into their anatomy).
Nocturn, a large boxed set exclusive to Wal-Mart stores, was also released in early 2007. This brutish lieutenant of Barraki Ehlek wielded a Squid Launcher of his own, and featured several glow-in-the-dark pieces much like the Barraki Takadox set.
In Summer 2007 the Toa Mahri canister sets were released, depicting aquatic forms of the Toa Inika granted to them by the Mask of Life. The Toa Mahri had new masks and tools, including the revolving Cordak Blasters which could hold and fire six of each set's several mini-rockets.
Three new adversaries for the Toa Mahri were released as large sets. The jailer Hydraxon, revived by the Kanohi Ignika, thought the Toa to be escaped Pit prisoners. His robotic servant Maxilos (secretly acting as a host for Makuta Teridax) and his Energy Hound Spinax were also packaged together as a set. These two sets both included Cordak Blasters. The massive Rahi Gadunka, enlarged by the Mask of Life from a minuscule form, also appeared as a set wielding a Squid Launcher.
BIONICLEstory.com was launched in 2007, hosting Online Games and serialized stories by author Greg Farshtey (author of the BIONICLE novels since 2003 and the comics since BIONICLE's launch). One of the stories, Dreams of Destruction concerned Lesovikk, who appeared as a Wal-Mart-exclusive set riding a Cordak-armed Sea Sled. Lesovikk found himself facing off against the insane ruler Karzahni to defend the Matoran Sarda and Idris. Those three came packaged as a set exclusive to Toys "R" Us stores, which also included an Underwater Trap constructed by the Matoran to defeat Karzahni.
The 2007 sets also included the last BIONICLE playsets: Barraki Deepsea Patrol, which contained a Spider Crab as its focus, Toa Undersea Attack, which included a Stinger Whale, and Toa Terrain Crawler, which came with an assortment of sea life. Various buildable Toa Mahri and Barraki minifigures were included in these sets, although unlike the minifigures of the previous year they no longer each had a unique head or mask piece.
2007's story had a conclusive ending. The Toa Mahri destroyed The Cord that connected Voya Nui to Mahri Nui, allowing Voya Nui to return to its original location inside the Matoran Universe. Meanwhile, Toa Mahri Matoro fulfilled his destiny as bearer of the Mask of Life by traveling to Karda Nui through the hole Voya Nui would seal, donning the mask, and allowing his life to be sacrificed for Mata Nui's revival.
In 2008 the focus of the story returned to the Toa Nuva, who had last been seen in the story serials of 2007 performing tasks to prepare for Mata Nui's awakening. Given new Adaptive Armor and masks by Artakha, they were transported to Karda Nui for the final battle to awaken Mata Nui. Their opponents in this battle were the Makuta, the same shape-shifting entities that had cast Mata Nui into his slumber. Both the good and evil factions in this battle were separated into two groups: Phantoka and Mistika.
Early 2008 featured twelve sets under the name Phantoka, who fought in the skies of Karda Nui. Three of the Phantoka canister sets were Toa Nuva, who wielded Midak Skyblasters, while three were Makuta wielding Tridax Pods filled with Shadow Leeches. The Toa Nuva were aided by the Av-Matoran, who dwelt in Karda Nui, while the Makuta were helped by Shadow Matoran, which they created by draining the light from regular Matoran using Shadow Leeches. Together, the three Av-Matoran and three Shadow Matoran acted as the year's small sets, and were able to attach to the backs of the canister-sized sets.
Also at the Toa Nuva's side was Toa Ignika, a being with a body created and controlled by the Mask of Life, who appeared as a large boxed set on his Skyboard. The Makuta were aided by Makuta Icarax, who led the Brotherhood of Makuta in Makuta Teridax's absence, and Makuta Mutran, who with his Shadow Matoran lab assistant Vican created the Shadow Leeches. The Icarax set was exclusive to Toys "R" Us stores, while the Mutran & Vican set was exclusive to Wal-Mart retailers.
The Mistika canister sets of summer 2008 likewise included three Toa Nuva and three Makuta. Both factions of the Mistika wielded Nynrah Ghost Blasters, air-powered projectile weapons whose story functions varied between the two teams. The Mistika sought to find and keep the Keystone fragments hidden in the swamps of Karda Nui. The Mistika Toa Nuva were aided by Takanuva, who had journeyed across several dimensions to come to their aid.
Once the Phantoka and Mistika teams had reunited, the united Toa Nuva used the Keystone fragments they had collected to unlock the Codrex, a place of great mystery and power. The three vehicles Rockoh T3, Jetrax T6, and Axalara T9 were found here and claimed by the Phantoka Toa Nuva. However, Makuta Antroz pursued them and stole the Jetrax T6, leading to a high-speed chase and dogfight using the powerful vehicles.
The large sets for the summer included the three Codrex vehicles with pilots, Takanuva in a partially light-drained and enlarged form, and two characters from the year's story serials, Mazeka and Vultraz. The Mazeka and Vultraz sets each came with the Matoran character named as well as a powerfully-armed vehicle. The Mazeka set was exclusive to Wal-Mart stores.
2008 had a dynamic conclusion, in which Mata Nui's body was successfully awakened by Toa Ignika. However, Makuta Teridax had planned for this, and had overridden the mind of the massive robot body (in fact containing the entirety of the Matoran Universe) with his own. Revealing his success to the universe as the Toa Nuva's victory was being celebrated, he trapped Mata Nui's own mind in the Kanohi Ignika, casting it out into space.
2009 took the story beyond the Matoran Universe and its people, exploring the world of Bara Magna. Once part of Spherus Magna, the inhabitants of the desert world left by the Shattering depended on Arena Matches to maintain the social order.
The competitors in these matches were tall warriors called Glatorian, and six of these were released as canister sets in early 2009. Each was from a different tribe, including the Sand Tribe of the bestial, nomadic Vorox and the Rock Tribe run by the conquest-driven Skrall. Each Glatorian set featured a Thornax Launcher which fired spiky Thornax fruit, as well as a five-point Life Counter which could be used with the launcher for the BIONICLE Action Figure Game. All 2009 sets besides the promotional set Click were compatible with this game in at least one of its four versions.
The small sets released in early 2009 were six Agori, the villagers of Bara Magna. Two large sets were also released early in the year: Tuma, the Rock Tribe's Skrall leader, and Fero & Skirmix, a Bone Hunter atop his Rock Steed.
For the first half of the year, the story was largely unconnected with the previous BIONICLE story. That changed in the summer when, as depicted in the new movie BIONICLE: The Legend Reborn, the Kanohi Ignika crashed on Bara Magna, carrying Mata Nui's spirit and creating a new body to house it. Mata Nui appeared alongside four Glatorian and the Special-Forces Skrall Stronius as part of the Glatorian Legends canister set series.
The large sets for the second half of the year included the vehicles Cendox V1, Kaxium V3, Baranus V7 (which included a Spikit in addition to its pilot Sahmad), Thornatus V9, and Skopio XV-1. The vehicle sets contained an assortment of Glatorian and Agori pilots. Another large set for the summer, Toa Mata Nui, depicted Mata Nui's new body at a larger scale.
During his time on Bara Magna, Mata Nui learned about his old body's creation on Spherus Magna, helped the peaceful villages unite against the Rock Tribe's threat, and discovered a giant robot which he hoped could help him redeem himself, rescue his people, and complete his original mission.
The 2010 story weaved together plot threads and settings from the previous two years; Mata Nui assumed control of the robot body on Bara Magna, only to be confronted by Teridax's arrival in Mata Nui's former, larger robot body. Heroes and villains from within the Matoran Universe marched onto the sands of Bara Magna for a final battle, as the two giant robots fought above.
The BIONICLE Stars, six small sets, represented heroes and villains from previous years of BIONICLE. Tahu, Takanuva, and the Glatorian Gresh faced off against Rahkshi of Heat Vision, the Skakdi warlord Nektann, and warrior-class Skrall (the latter three marketed as Rahkshi, Piraka, and Skrall, respectively). Each set also came with a specific Golden Armor collectible piece, which could be outfitted to the Tahu set.
A press release from LEGO later confirmed that the BIONICLE Stars would be the last BIONICLE sets for the "foreseeable future". Although the BIONICLE story would continue online, the sets were phased out in the summer to allow for a new theme called LEGO Hero Factory, which would carry on BIONICLE's legacy as a constructable action figure line.
Although the actual models were discontinued, the BIONICLE storyline continued with serials periodically released on BIONICLEstory.com. However, the serials were never finished. On June 19, 2013, the updates were halted and both BIONICLE.com and BIONICLEstory.com were shut down.
Even though the serials were halted, Greg Farshtey would periodically provide clarifications and canonizations about the Generation 1 storyline. Initially, he did this on the BZPower private messaging system, until The LEGO Group implemented a new policy for internet use that prevented him from accessing BZPower. On July 2, 2013, Farshtey began a topic on the Lego Message Boards called "Chat with Greg Farshtey".
He continued to interact with fans on this thread until the Lego Message Boards themselves were shut down in March 2017. Later in 2017, Farshtey migrated to The Three Virtues forum site, where a subforum was built specifically for communicating with him. He continues to answer fan questions on this subforum.
On September 8, 2014, a new image for a BIONICLE product page card featuring an unknown golden mask was discovered on the LEGO.com servers. Eleven days later, on September 19, 2014, LEGO confirmed BIONICLE's return through a video highlighting the aforementioned mask, which was revealed to be the Mask of Creation. A debut event was then set for the 2014 New York City Comic Con. At the event, LEGO's booth was fully dedicated to BIONICLE, and a special invite-only panel revealed the sets and the new rebooted storyline.
The rebooted continuity took place on the mythical island of Okoto, where the forces of darkness were on the move. Six powerful heroes called the Toa, each Masters of a sacred element, were summoned to help save the island. The Toa embarked on a quest for Okoto’s ancient Golden Masks of Power that would allow them to unlock the full potential of their elemental powers.
After confronting the evil Lord of Skull Spiders and his minions, the Skull Spiders, the summer wave found the Toa making their way through the City of the Mask Makers. Their goal was to find and revive Ekimu, the noble Mask Maker and brother of the evil Makuta, the source of the evil that plagued Okoto. Along the way, they battled against the evil Skull Army, led by Kulta, who stole the Golden Masks of the Toa in order to claim their power. Eventually, they succeeded in reviving Ekimu and reuniting him with his Mask of Creation.
The sets carried on the Creature and Character Building System (CCBS) introduced in Hero Factory, but also contained designs meant to evoke the early years of BIONICLE, a running theme for the reboot as a whole.
A second year of BIONICLE's reboot debuted in 2016. The Toa faced new challenges in their quest to defend Okoto as a mysterious hunter, Umarak, pursued the Elemental Creatures with his Shadow Traps and searched for Makuta's Mask of Control. In order to counter this threat, the Toa used new Masks of Unity to join together with the Elemental Creatures and unlock new powers.
In order to promote the year, a 3D-Animation television series was commissioned, debuting exclusively on the streaming service Netflix. The series, The Journey to One, consisted of four episodes, with two episodes (and a prologue) premiering in April, and a second set of two following in the summer. The first two episodes depicted the Toa's struggles with Umarak, their friendship with the Elemental Creatures, and slowly discovering secrets of their forgotten past.
The summer wave of 2016 continued the story, with Ekimu facing off against a bestial Umarak the Destroyer. Three Elemental Beasts completed the set lineup, mirroring the release pattern of the previous year.
LEGO announced to select media in a special session, and later to the public that the summer wave of sets would be the last BIONICLE sets, and that the line was being discontinued. The final episode of The Journey to One concluded the Generation 2 storyline.
BIONICLE has been referenced in media since its second discontinuation. The 2018 LEGO set 70657 NINJAGO City Docks contains two stickers: a map of Mata Nui from BIONICLE's first generation, and a poster-like sticker featuring the Mask of Ultimate Power from the second generation. A 2018 episode of the Netflix series The Toys That Made Us that focuses on LEGO also mentions BIONICLE.
A tile in the 2019 set Hidden Side 70423 Paranormal Intercept Bus 3000 references the cancelled BIONICLE PC game The Legend of Mata Nui (which has since been discovered and restored in a fan project) in the bus’ front dashboard. The original Takanuva character from BIONICLE's first generation was also intended to appear in the The Lego Movie 2, but did not appear in the final version.
In 2020 another Hidden Site set 70436 Phantom Fire Truck 3000 references Toa Mata Tahu as a sticker on the tile from the side of the fire truck. LEGO Ideas also began allowing submissions of other LEGO properties, including BIONICLE; a submission titled "The Legend of the BIONICLE: Celebrating 20 years of Lego stories" received 10,000 votes and was under review for potential development into an official LEGO set. However, the set was ultimately not approved for the final results. The LEGO City set 60262 Passenger Airplane contained two stickers referencing BIONICLE, one showing an image of the island of Voya Nui inside the plane’s dashboard and the other having the islands initials featured in the "departures" section of the side build.
In 2021, the 20th anniversary of BIONICLE, the LEGO Creator set Bonsai Tree included a section for inspirational decorations, one of which was utilizing Kanohi masks (specifically Kakama and Kakama Nuva) for foliage. Also in 2021, LEGO Ideas hosted a "Fan Vote - Help Celebrate the 90th Anniversary of The LEGO Group!" competition, where participants cast votes for their favorite past theme from a limited selection, with one of the highest rated themes to eventually be made into a new commemorative set; BIONICLE was included as one of the themes. BIONICLE eventually scored the most votes in the first round, and is under consideration for the anniversary set.
BIONICLE's story is annualized to conform to the release pattern of the sets; each year is a continuation of the previous, but features new or changed locations, or introduces new plot devices. The years were also known as "Story Bibles" up through 2010, though according to author Greg Farshtey, the story was mapped out through 2011. After the second generation was introduced, the individual years were referred to with "The BIONICLE Story Year".
- 2001: Quest for the Masks
- 2002: The Bohrok Swarms
- 2003: The Bohrok-Kal Strike / The Mask of Light
- 2004: Legends of Metru Nui
- 2005: The Great Rescue
- 2006: Voya Nui
- 2007: Mahri Nui
- 2008: Karda Nui
- 2009: Bara Magna
- 2010: Journey's End / Spherus Magna
- 2011-2014: Spherus Magna
- 2015: The Mask of Creation
- 2016: The Mask of Control
Originally, the BIONICLE story was divided into seven "books," though these distinctions are no longer used, and the line was discontinued before the story caught up to the original plan.
- Book I (2001-2003) - Mata Nui
- Book II (2004-2005) - Metru Nui
- Book III (2006-2008) - Quest for the Mask of Life
- Book IV (2009-2010) - Bara Magna
- Book V (2010-) - Spherus Magna
- Chapter 1: Quest for the Masks
- Chapter 2: The Bohrok Swarms
- Chapter 3: The Toa Nuva & Bohrok-Kal
- Chapter 4: The Mask of Light
- Chapter 5: Legends of Metru Nui
- Chapter 6: Web of Shadows
- Chapter 7: Voya Nui
- Chapter 8: Mahri Nui
- Chapter 9: Phantoka – Spirits of the Air
- Chapter 10: Mistika
- Chapter 11: Mata Nui Rising
- Chapter 12: Bara Magna
The characters, themes, and settings of BIONICLE have inspired a dedicated fan community that has interacted with the creators and writers of the series. Popular fan activities include creating custom models (known as MOCs, or My Own Creations), recording toy reviews on platforms such as YouTube, and writing fan fiction.
There are many notable fan websites that serve different community subsets, ranging in scope from local to global. Below is a list of some of the most prominent ones:
- BIONICLEsector01 - The largest and most accurate wiki of all BIONICLE information, a Registered LEGO Online Community
- BZPower - The largest BIONICLE forum on the web
- The TTV Channel - Another major BIONICLE forum
- BIONICLE Nuvapedia - French-language encyclopedia
- Chronist Wiki - German-language encyclopedia
- BioMedia Project - Online database of various BIONICLE media
- Wall of History - Online compendium of story-related BIONICLE media
- Custom BIONICLE Wiki - The largest dedicated BIONICLE fanfiction website
Fan-made Storyline Additions
There have been a few occurrences in which author Greg Farshtey has turned to the online fan community to create official storyline, or BZPower and BIONICLEsector01 has held competitions where Greg has approved that winners will be accepted into the official canon. These contests are as follows:
- Storyline and Theories Contest #1: Treespeak in Metru Nui? Name it! - BZPower members were given the chance to create a name for Treespeak in Le-Metru, as the name "Treespeak" did not make sense in an urban area that lacked trees. The winning phrase was "Chutespeak" by Visorak-Kal.
- Bohrok In Maze Of Shadows Mini-Contest - Members were tasked with writing an explanation for the appearance of Bohrok when the Toa Metru were on their return journey from Mata Nui to Metru Nui (as seen in BIONICLE: Maze of Shadows). The grand prize winning entry was the short story "Protection" by InnerRayg.
- Storyline and Theories Contest #2: A Thousand Years Untold - In 2006, BZPower was once again given the chance to create storyline in the form of a short story. The task was to create three short stories, one for each spotlight island (Mata Nui, Metru Nui, Voya Nui), describing what took place on each of these lands 500 years after the Great Cataclysm. The winning stories were: "Hope" by Lady Kopaka (Voya Nui Category), "Tentacles" by Turakii #1 Lavasurfer (Mata Nui Category) and "The Dweller Report" by SPIRIT (Metru Nui Category).
- The Next Chronicler - In 2007, Greg Farshtey presented the opportunity to BZPower members to pick the next Chronicler of Metru Nui, since that previous Chronicler, Hahli, had become a Toa. The winning Matoran was Kopeke, and his first appearance as Chronicler came in BIONICLE Legends 8: Downfall.
- Storyline and Theories Contest #4: Xian Weapons! - BZPower held a contest where the entrants were to design a weapon that could be produced on Xia. There were three categories; art, description and MOC, as well as three sub-categories within art; hand-drawn, computer and other. The five winners of each category (in art, two each for hand-drawn and computer and one for other) were accepted into the BIONICLE official universe. The contest is also BZP's first Expanded Universe Contest, and so all entries that were approved to go to the polls were also considered a part of their Expanded Universe. The winning entries are the Devastator, Earth Claw, Electro Chute Blade, Lightstone Rifle, Energy Siphon Blade, Eccentric Rock, Impact Crystal Launcher, Griffin Gauntlet, Hagah Plasma Cannon, Firework Revolver, Twilight Blade, Judgement Cannon, Vortixx Rhotuka Battle Axe, Energy Extraction Rifle, and Kanoka Blade.
- Trinuma's Mask - Greg Farshtey launched a contest in 2010 where BZPower members could suggest titles and powers for Trinuma's mask; the winner was determined by a poll. The powers of the winning entry, the "Mask of Zealotry," were approved as canon, although the mask was renamed to the Mask of Charisma.
- Name That GB - In the third chapter of The Yesterday Quest, an unknown character was revealed to be a Great Being in disguise. To coincide with the revelation, Greg Farshtey started a contest on BZPower, asking members to post their suggestions for who it is with arguments for why it is that character. He was originally to select the winning post based on the arguments provided, and distribute a prize. However, the storyline was left open in the wake of other projects, and the serials themselves remain unfinished. When contacted by BZPower member and BS01 user Erebus in 2012, Greg Farshtey revealed that the intended character was Velika.
Official Greg Topics
On BZPower, members would regularly ask Greg Farshtey storyline questions via the site's personal messaging service. Members compiled Farshtey's answers in the "Official Greg Discussion" topic (19 March 2003 - 31 January 2008) and its subsequent incarnations, "Official Greg Dialogue" (31 January 2008 - 9 September 2010) and "Official Greg Quotes" (9 September 2010 - 13 April 2011). On occasion, members came up with suggestions for small additions to the canon, although few were accepted. Such additions include the naming of Toa Naho, Nektann, Tridax, and the Toa Mangai; the recanonization of the Kewa and Kahu; the identification of an unnamed Mata Nui Online Game character as Midak; the identification of the shape-shifting Dark Hunter featured in The Many Deaths of Toa Tuyet as Triglax; a number of Kanohi; and the element of Psionics. However, Farshtey and the BZPower staff emphasized that Farshtey only accepted such fan submissions on rare occasions and that members were not to flood his personal messenger inbox with suggestions. As of March 4, 2011, LEGO changed its policy so that employees could not interact with children under the age of thirteen outside of LEGO.com. This policy prompted Farshtey to stop answering questions on BZPower. As a consequence of BZPower's server crash, the three quote topics were deleted, but their content was saved by BZPower member fishers64 in three text documents (not including 62 pages of the Official Greg Dialogue topic that were lost in another server crash). In May 2017, the documents were adapted into a website called the Official Greg Discussion Archive by BZPower and BS01 member Planetperson.
BIONICLE Story Squad
On April 13, 2010, BZPower developed a group of members called the BIONICLE Story Squad to handle and coordinate members' suggestions to Greg. BZPower members were advised to approach Story Squad members, rather than Greg himself, with their suggestions. This system continued until BZPower's server crash.
- Certavus Contest - During the course of March and April 2009, BIONICLEsector01 ran a contest to build Certavus, a famed Glatorian fighter who had died from natural causes. The winning model, created by Brickeens was accepted into storyline canon as the official representation of Certavus.
- Core War Contest - In late 2009, BIONICLESector01 ran a contest to create a short story about the Core War. The winning entry, Decadence, written by BIONICLESector01 Staff Member Dorek, won and was accepted into official canon.
- Alternate Teridax Contest - BIONICLESector01 held a contest in early 2010 to create a MOC representation of the Teridax of the Melding Alternate Universe. The winning model, created by BZPower Staff Member and BS01 user ToM Dracone, was accepted as canon as the official representation of the Alternate Teridax.
- Stasis Toa Contest - In April 2010, BIONICLEsector01 started a contest to write a short story about Varian, the Toa trapped in stasis in the Dark Hunters fortress on Odina. The contest required contestants to write about Varian's past and how she was eventually captured by the Dark Hunters. The winning entry, No One Gets Left Behind, written by BZPower member Shadow-Nui, won and was accepted into official canon.
- Tobduk Contest - Over the course of November 2010 to January 2011, BIONICLEsector01 ran a contest to build Tobduk, the Order of Mata Nui assassin. The winning model, created by BZPower and BIONICLESector01 member Artakha, was accepted into storyline canon as the official representation of Tobduk.
- KanohiJournal Storyline Contest #1: Aqua Blaster Blade - The BIONICLE fan magazine, KanohiJournal, ran a contest to build the Aqua Blaster Blade, a Toa Tool of Toa Mahri Nuparu's that never appeared in the set. The winning design was accepted into canon as the official Aqua Blaster Blade, with the winner being Terakk.
- KanohiJournal Storyline Contest #2: Surel Artwork - A second contest held by the unofficial BIONICLE eMagazine, KanohiJournal, was held from June to July 2009. The contest aim was to draw Surel, an ancient warrior who trained a pack of Iron Wolves, and the winner of the contest was KanohiJournal member Vastolorde, whose entry became official canon.
- KanohiJournal Storyline Contest #3: Iron Wolf MOC/Artwork - A third contest was held by BIONICLE fan eMagazine KanohiJournal from March to May 2010 to create both an art and MOC representation of the Iron Wolves. The winning MOC entry, created by BZPower Forum Leader -Shannara-, was accepted as canon. An artwork section then followed, and concluded with three winning entries, two by BZPower member Toa Kinliku and another by BZPower member Vastolorde. Both were accepted into the official storyline canon as depictions of the Iron Wolf.
- KanohiJournal Storyline Contest #4: Nikila Artwork - The BIONICLE fan eMagazine KanohiJournal held a fourth contest starting early July 2010, where participants were asked to create an artistic representation of Toa Nikila. The winning entry, created by BZPower member Vrahno, was accepted into the official storyline canon.
The Unofficial German Bionicle Magazine/The Chronicler
- The Third Man - In the March 2009 issue of the Unofficial German BIONICLE magazine (Das Inoffizielle Deutsche Magazin), a contest was announced to create a visual depiction of the Agori Kirbold. The winning entry, drawn by InnerRayg, was declared the canon incarnation of Kirbold.
- The Sentry - The Unofficial German BIONICLE magazine ran another contest to build the Agori Kyry. The winning model was created by Sparky and was accepted into official canon as the official representation of Kyry.
- Desert Birdwatching - The Unofficial German BIONICLE magazine hosted a mini-contest in December 2009, where participants were asked to give details and a name to a species of bird residing on Bara Magna. The winner was KanohiJournal member Hot Pants and his Cave Shrike entry, which was accepted as the official description of the creature.
LEGO Message Boards
During BZPower's forum downtime, LEGO employees established a set of online usage guidelines that prevented them from interacting with segments of the fanbase due to age-related restrictions. A topic was later created on the official LEGO Message Boards entitled Chat with Greg Farshtey, where Greg Farshtey routinely answered questions posed by fans on the board. On 28 February 2017, the LEGO Message Boards were made "read only", and on 6 March 2017 they were shut down completely, along with Chat with Greg Farshtey.
Some contests were held with the intention of being canonized; however, despite the contests' concepts being approved by Greg, he wasn’t permitted by Lego to continue on the Official Greg Discussion and hasn’t read or approved the results. They are thus noncanon or considered decanonized.
- Storyline and Theories Contest #6: A Thousand Years Untold 2 – This contest was meant as a sequel to A Thousand Years Untold. The task was to create short stories, for any locations in the Matoran Universe introduced after 2006, and once again to describe what took place on these lands 500 years after the Great Cataclysm. The winning stories were: "Merciless Shadows" by Legolover-361 (Mahri Nui Category), "Survival" by Grant-Sud (Karda Nui Category), "Delaying the Inevitable" by The Smoke Monster (Daxia Category), "Deep Shadows" by The First Speaker (Karzahni/Odina Categories), "Crystal Knowledge" by LewaLew (Xia/Destral Categories) and “Retribution” by Kraahlix (Zakaz/Stelt Categories).
- KanohiJournal Contest #5: Lesovikk's Hiatus — The task was to write three short stories on Lesovikk's exile which would later be published in an anthology. The winning stories were "Of Rahi and Toa" by Pikiru and "Jovan's Test" by Legolover-361, with "The Chronicle" by Click as a runner-up.
- Storyline and Theories Contest #7: Memoirs of the Dead – The task was to write short stories of characters in the storyline who had died in the form of their memoirs. The winning stories were: “The Mentor’s Way” by Mersery (Ihu Category), “Certainty” by Baron Von Nebula (Icarax Category), “Memory” by Exitum (Nidhiki Category), “The First Hunter” by Emissary to the Void (Ancient Category), “Three on Three” by Makuta Matata (Hydraxon Category), “The Teacher” by Tikiturbo (Jovan Category) and “All that Glitters” by Magnus Greel (Spiriah Category).
- Official BIONICLE Website
- BZPower (BIONICLE Fan Site)
- BioMedia Project (BIONICLE Media Archive)
- Official Greg Discussion Archive
- A download of the three Official Greg Discussions
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